The city of Mombasa, situated on a coral-lined island in the Indian Ocean, is Kenya’s second-largest city and its prime port. The island is connected by a causeway – the Makupa Causeway, bridge – Nyali Bridge, and ferry – Likoni Ferry, to its mainland municipal territory of 100 square miles (259 square km) and covers an area of 5.5 square miles (14.25 square km) as well as a surface area of 5.5 square miles (14.25 square km).
History of Mombasa
There was a time when Mombasa was used as a port for trade across the Indian Ocean before it became a well-established port. The general area had long been the site of Bantu-speaking settlements inhabited by farmers, fishermen, and citizens engaged in local trade before Mombasa became well-established as a port for trade across the Indian Ocean. The Arab explorer Ibn Baṭṭūṭah, and the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama, were two of the first to visit Mombasa in 1331 and 1498, respectively. As a result of Mombasa’s strategic location, the city has been constantly fought over over the centuries. It passed between the Arabs, Persians, Portuguese, and Turks until 1840 when the Sultan of Zanzibar, Seyyid Said, was finally able to capture it. In 1895, it was placed under British administration, and from 1907 until 1913, it served as the capital of the East Africa Protectorate in East Africa. The city of Mombasa became a municipality in 1928, and in 1959 it was granted the status of a council of local government.
Mombasa: The chief Port City of Kenya
On the island of Mombasa, there are two ports. One on the island’s east side, Mombasa Old Port, and one on the west, Kilindini Harbour. Dhows and other small craft are now the only items that enter and leave the old port, which carries trade from Asia, the Persian Gulf, and India. There are lots of mosques and temples in the old city, and its architecture has a strong Middle Eastern influence with narrow streets and high houses with balconies. The old town of Mombasa is home to the Portuguese Fort Jesus, which was built between 1593 and 1595, and is currently used as a museum.
There are cathedrals for both the Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church in the city. There is a gilded dome on the roof of a Hindu temple that was built in 1952. Known for its historical and cultural attractions, Mombasa has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Kenya.
Industries and Transportation Network of Mombasa
The port of Kilindini is a modern deepwater port that has a large number of berths in a landlocked anchorage. There are a number of agricultural products produced in the region, which are available in the Mombasa market. These include sisal, cotton, sugar, kapok, coconuts, fruits, and vegetables. The port exports a number of these products, as well as those produced in northeastern Tanzania and Uganda, which can be connected by rail. The city is also home to a number of industries. These include shipbuilding and repair, metal and cement works (Bamburi Cement), sugar processing, a fertilizer plant, as well as an oil refinery at Changamwe that can be found in the city.
Map of Mombasa
Mombasa Tourism: Things To Do in Mombasa
Immerse yourself in the beauty of Mombasa’s breathtaking beaches like Diani Beach and Nyali Beach. Explore the historic Fort Jesus and vibrant Old Town, where the captivating Swahili culture comes to life. Indulge in the wonders of Mombasa Marine National Park and embark on a thrilling Mombasa City Tour, experiencing the iconic Mombasa Tusks and the lush Haller Park. Uncover the hidden treasures of Mombasa Island and Jomo Kenyatta Public Beach. Enjoy the excitement of the Mombasa Go-Kart and marvel at the enchanting Mombasa Butterfly House. Immerse yourself in local traditions at Bombolulu Workshops and Cultural Centre, and witness the majestic Mamba Village Centre. Discover the intriguing Mombasa Elephant Tusks and the pristine beauty of Shimba Hills National Reserve. Experience the tranquility of Mtwapa Creek and the charm of Mombasa Old Port. Sail across the iconic Mombasa Ferry and tee off at Mombasa Golf Club. Embark on a shopping spree and experience the vibrant Mombasa nightlife and thrilling casino scene. Start your unforgettable journey in Mombasa today! Click here to explore more on Tourist Attractions in Mombasa.
The city of Mombasa is not only home to picturesque beaches and historical sites, but it is an urban center with plenty of things for tourists to do. The following are some of the places of interest you should not miss:
As a sanctuary for animals, Haller Park occupies reclaimed land that was previously part of Bamburi Cement’s limestone mine wastelands. Among the animals that can be found in the park are giraffes, zebras, Cape buffalo, waterbucks, and hippopotamuses. Also worth mentioning is the 130-year-old tortoise named Mzee (Old Man), which adopted a baby hippo one day and became an Internet sensation at the same time. Check out our dedicated page on the Haller Park
A visit to Mombasa Go-Kart is an excellent choice for a family outing. There are a variety of activities to enjoy on this circuit, including racing go-karts or going off-road in buggies. In addition to the go-kart track, the Mombasa Go-Kart restaurant features computer games and a large screen to watch sports on. Check out our dedicated page on the Mombasa Go-Kart.
Mombasa Marine National Park
Are you ready to experience some snorkeling and diving in the sea? The Mombasa Marine National Park is one of the most popular places for such activities in the country. There is a variety of marine life on display, including seahorses, eels, and stingrays. Additionally, glass-bottom boats can also be used for viewing marine life in order to get a better view. Check out our dedicated page on the Mombasa Marine National Park.
The Swahili word mamba means crocodile in English. The Mamba Village Center is East Africa’s largest crocodile farm. There is also a botanical garden and an aquarium located in the facility. There is even a restaurant there that serves up tasty crocodile meat as well as other kinds of game meat. Check out our dedicated page on the Mamba Village.
Bombolulu Workshops and Cultural Center
In terms of local culture, Bombolulu Workshops and Cultural Center is the place to go for an all-in-one experience. There is everything from traditional tribal dances inspired by local tribes to traditional homesteads based on various tribes in the area. There are also souvenir shops and a restaurant located in the center. Check out our dedicated page on the Bombolulu Workshops and Cultural Center.
FAQs about Mombasa Kenya
1. What is the location of Mombasa, Kenya?
Mombasa is a city located on the southeastern coast of Kenya, situated along the Indian Ocean. It is the second-largest city in Kenya and serves as the principal port and economic hub of the country.
- Mombasa is located on the southeastern coast of Kenya.
- It is situated along the Indian Ocean.
- Mombasa is the second-largest city in Kenya.
2. What is the climate like in Mombasa?
Mombasa has a tropical climate characterized by high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. The city experiences two distinct seasons: a dry season and a wet season. The dry season, which runs from December to March, offers hot and sunny weather, while the wet season, from April to November, brings rainfall and occasional thunderstorms.
- Mombasa has a tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity.
- The city has a dry season from December to March.
- The wet season occurs from April to November, characterized by rainfall and occasional thunderstorms.
3. What are the popular tourist attractions in Mombasa?
Mombasa offers a range of captivating tourist attractions that showcase its rich history, vibrant culture, and natural beauty. Some of the popular attractions include Fort Jesus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that dates back to the 16th century and provides insights into the city’s colonial past. The Old Town, with its narrow streets and Swahili architecture, is another must-visit spot that offers a glimpse into Mombasa’s cultural heritage. The pristine white-sand beaches, such as Diani Beach and Nyali Beach, are ideal for relaxation and water sports, while the Mombasa Marine National Park provides opportunities for snorkeling and diving, allowing visitors to explore the vibrant coral reefs and marine life.
- Fort Jesus is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a significant historical attraction.
- The Old Town showcases Swahili architecture and cultural heritage.
- Mombasa’s white-sand beaches, including Diani Beach and Nyali Beach, are popular for relaxation and water sports.
4. What are the transportation options in Mombasa?
Mombasa has a well-developed transportation network, providing various options for getting around the city and exploring its surroundings. The Moi International Airport serves as the main air gateway, connecting Mombasa to domestic and international destinations. Within the city, you can find taxis, tuk-tuks (three-wheeled vehicles), and matatus (minibus taxis) for convenient local transportation. The Likoni Ferry offers a means of crossing between Mombasa Island and the mainland, while the Standard Gauge Railway connects Mombasa to Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya.
- Moi International Airport is the main airport in Mombasa.
- Taxis, tuk-tuks, and matatus are common modes of local transportation.
- The Likoni Ferry and Standard Gauge Railway provide additional transportation options.
5. What are the cultural and culinary highlights of Mombasa?
Mombasa is a melting pot of diverse cultures, resulting in a rich tapestry of traditions, music, and cuisine. The city is home to a significant Swahili population, and you can explore its vibrant culture through art, music, and dance performances. Swahili cuisine is a highlight, featuring dishes such as biryani, pilau, and coastal seafood specialties like grilled fish and prawns cooked in coconut sauce. Mombasa’s food markets, such as the famous Mama Ngina Drive Food Market, offer a wide array of local delicacies and fresh produce, providing a unique culinary experience.
- Mombasa is known for its diverse cultural traditions, music, and dance performances.
- Swahili cuisine, including dishes like biryani and coastal seafood, is a culinary highlight.
- Food markets like Mama Ngina Drive Food Market offer a variety of local delicacies and fresh produce.